医療心理学・行動医学に関するネットワーク

Psychological and behavioral mechanisms influencing the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in cancer patients.

がん患者の補完代替医療の利用に関する心理・行動的メカニズムについての調査結果を報告した論文「Psychological and behavioral mechanisms influencing the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in cancer patients.」がAnnals of Oncology (IF = 5.179)のオンラインにてパブリッシュされました。この論文の内容の解説はCSCDのホームページにアップしましたので、そちらをご参考下さい。

Hirai, K., Komura, K., Tokoro, A., Kuromaru, T., Ohsima, A., Ito, T., Sumiyoshi, Y., Hyodo, I.: Psychological and behavioral mechanisms influencing the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in cancer patients. Annals of Oncology 2007; doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdm494
Abstract

Background: This study explored the psychological and behavioral mechanisms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in Japanese cancer patients using two applied behavioral models, the transtheoretical model (TTM), and theory of planned behavior (TPB).

Patients and methods: Questionnaires were distributed to 1100 patients at three cancer treatment facilities in Japan and data on 521 cancer patients were used in the final analysis. The questionnaire included items based on TTM and TPB variables, as well as three psychological batteries.

Results: According to the TTM, 88 patients (17%) were in precontemplation, 226 (43%) in contemplation, 33 (6%) in preparation, 71 (14%) in action, and 103 (20%) in maintenance. The model derived from structural equation modeling revealed that the stage of CAM use was significantly affected by the pros, cons, expectation from family, norms of medical staff, use of chemotherapy, period from diagnosis, and place of treatment. The primary factor for the stage of CAM use was the expectation from family.

Conclusions: The findings revealed the existence of a number of psychologically induced potential CAM users, and psychological variables including positive attitude for CAM use and perceived family expectation greatly influence CAM use in cancer patients.

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